Depression is a mental health disorder characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a lack of interest or pleasure in activities. It is a serious condition that can have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life, and in severe cases, can lead to thoughts of suicide.
Here are some common terms related to depression:
- Major Depressive Disorder (MDD): Also known as clinical depression, MDD is a type of depression characterized by persistent feelings of sadness or loss of interest that interfere with daily life. Symptoms can include changes in appetite, sleep patterns, and energy levels, as well as feelings of worthlessness and guilt.
- Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD): PDD is a chronic form of depression that lasts for at least two years. It is characterized by a depressed mood for most of the day, for more days than not, along with other symptoms of depression.
- Postpartum Depression: This is a type of depression that affects women after giving birth. It is characterized by feelings of sadness, anxiety, and exhaustion that can interfere with the ability to care for themselves and their newborns.
- Bipolar Disorder: Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that involves alternating periods of mania and depression. During manic episodes, individuals may experience high levels of energy, impulsiveness, and a decreased need for sleep.
- Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD): SAD is a type of depression that is related to changes in the seasons. It typically occurs in the fall and winter months when there is less natural light. Symptoms include a depressed mood, low energy levels, and changes in appetite.
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): CBT is a type of therapy that is commonly used to treat depression. It involves identifying negative thoughts and beliefs that contribute to depression and replacing them with more positive ones.
- Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs): SSRIs are a type of antidepressant medication that are commonly prescribed to treat depression. They work by increasing the levels of serotonin in the brain, which is a neurotransmitter that affects mood.
Depression is a complex and serious condition, and seeking help from a mental health professional is recommended for those experiencing symptoms. It is important to remember that depression is treatable, and there are effective treatments available to help individuals recover and improve their quality of life.
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