Postpartum Depression (PPD) is a type of depression that can occur in women after giving birth. It is estimated that around 1 in 7 women experience PPD, and it can have a significant impact on both the mother and the child. Here are some common terms related to Postpartum Depression:

  1. Baby Blues: Baby Blues is a milder form of mood disturbance that occurs in up to 80% of women after giving birth. It is characterized by mild feelings of sadness, irritability, and anxiety and usually resolves within two weeks.
  2. Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS): The EPDS is a screening tool used to identify women who may be at risk of developing PPD. It consists of ten questions about mood, anxiety, and other symptoms.
  3. Hormonal Changes: Hormonal changes, particularly a decrease in estrogen and progesterone after giving birth, are believed to contribute to the development of PPD.
  4. Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT): IPT is a type of therapy that is commonly used to treat PPD. It focuses on improving social functioning and communication skills, as well as identifying and addressing negative interpersonal patterns.
  5. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs): SSRIs are a type of antidepressant medication that are commonly prescribed to treat PPD. They work by increasing the levels of serotonin in the brain, which is a neurotransmitter that affects mood.
  6. Support Groups: Support groups are often recommended for women with PPD. They can provide a safe and supportive environment for women to share their experiences and receive emotional support.
  7. Therapy: Therapy is a type of treatment that is commonly used to treat PPD. It involves talking to a mental health professional to explore negative thoughts and feelings and develop coping strategies.

It is important to seek help from a healthcare provider if you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of PPD. With the right combination of therapies and support, women with PPD can experience significant improvement in their symptoms and quality of life.